Egypt, a country located in northeast Africa, which links to the Middle East, is well known as one of the prime volume markets in the region. Many international and local traders and entities consider Egypt as the largest market in North Africa and the Middle East.

Without any second thoughts, the rising significance of the economic value of the local market requires the dire need for establishing practical mechanisms for Intellectual Property (IP) registration, protection, and enforcement. While Trademark Rights represent a substantial focus for the IP holders in Egypt, there exist other aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) as well, including patent, copyright, and industrial design. It’s time to make ourselves familiar with the current trademark system in Egypt, explore suitable ways of improving the trademark protection strategies, and understand the legal options available for having adequate protection of trademark rights in place.

Trademark Practice in Egypt

In Egypt, the trademark practice generally focuses on protection, which includes trademark filing, registration, and enforcement against the issues of infringement. Other aspects, such as advisory on branding, transactions, and ownership disputes, remain integral for the trademark holders; however, the priority services correspond to Trademark Protection and enforcement.

Trademark Protection in Egypt – Requirements, Procedures, and Challenges

In Egypt, trademark protection begins by obtaining the trademark rights, along with their official recognition from the local Trademark Office. The same also serves as a prerequisite for any claim of ownership or an attempt to take enforcement action. Trademark Registration in Egypt involves all the general procedures, which include filing, examination, publication, opposition, and registration. In Egypt, the expected time frame for the completion of the registration process is 12-24 months, with relatively minimal expenditures and fees for the brand owners. The brand owners should complete the trademark registration process under the guidance of a local attorney and submit the following information and documents along with the Trademark Application:

  1. Name of the trademark applicant
  2. Address and nationality of the trademark applicant
  3. Nature of the business owned by the trademark applicant 
  4. A relevant and detailed list of the goods and services to which the proposed trademark applies
  5. Power of Attorney (POA) – Consulate legalized if executed outside Egypt and notarized if executed within Egypt

The brand owners must conduct a clearance search of the proposed trademark before filing the trademark application. Although the proof of use is not needed for trademark protection and registration in Egypt, it is still advisable to perform a Trademark Search before commencing trademark registration or commercial exploitation of brands.

In practice, the Egyptian Trademark Office has expert examiners and systems governing the process of trademark registration. The office has been locally recognized as one of the well-established authorities in Egypt. The examiners in the Egyptian Trademark Office, however, apply some conservative rules in the examination phase, in contrast to the other trademark offices in the Middle East region or neighboring countries.

In Egypt, a trademark applicant can face several challenges, like unexpected provisional refusals, office actions, and imposing disclaimers during the trademark registration process. Hence, the applicants must always get in touch with an IP management specialist or a local attorney to ensure that the registration process progresses efficiently.

Without any doubt, trademark prosecution is an evolving practice in Egypt. The brand owners must understand the time frames, likely outcomes, and expenses at the time of trademark registration. Also, they must register their proposed trademarks at an early stage itself. Once the proposed trademark gets registered, enforcement proceedings can be initiated, if required, and several options become available, including administrative action, civil action, and criminal action. Before going ahead with the enforcement proceedings, it is imperative to consider the nature of the infringement, the level of proactivity of the relevant authority, the locations, and the legal expenses that will result from each action.